Collection

attributed to: Ludger tom Ring, the younger
German, 1522-1584

The Open Missal, c. 1570
Oil on oak panel transferred to masonite
Purchase, Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd (Blanchette Hooker, class of 1931) Fund
1956.5
Period: 16th c
Classification: Painting
Dimensions: Unframed: 26 1/4 x 26 1/4 in. (66.68 x 66.68 cm) Framed: 32 3/8 x 32 1/4 x 3 9/16 in. (82.23 x 81.92 x 9.05 cm)
Signatures, Inscriptions and Markings v
Signed second page from left center: Ludevi Rinki (See Kloss lecture of 1990 in files)
See Kloss lecture of 1990 in files
Provenance v
Naylor Collection, Dublin. Purchased 1956 from Durlacher, New York.
Published References v
Poughkeepsie, Vassar College Art Gallery, “16th Century Paintings from American Collections,” October 16-November 15, 1964. Cat. no. 14; Poughkeepsie, Vassar College Art Gallery, “Problem Pictures: Paintings without Authors,” October 13-November 15, 1965. Cat. no. 2; Poughkeepsie, Vassar College Art Gallery, "An Exhibition in Memory of Agnes Rindge Claflin," April 30-June 4, 1978. Cat. no. 1; Columbus, OH, Columbus Museum of Art, “More than Meets the Eye: The Art of Trompe L’Oeil,” December 7, 1985-January 22, 1986 (West Palm Beach, Norton Gallery of Art, March 21-April 27 1986); Hanover, NH, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, “The Age of the Marvelous,” September 21-November 24, 1991 (Raleigh, North Carolina Museum of Art, January 25-March 22, 1992; Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, May 24-August23, 1992; Atlanta, High Museum, October 6-January 3, 1993); New York, NY, IBM Gallery of Science and Art, “Highlights from the Vassar College Collection,” July 13-September 11, 1993; Münster, Vestfalisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, “Die Maler tom Ring,” September 1-November 10, 1996.
Exhibition History v
Poughkeepsie, NY, FLLAC, Vassar College, "An Exhibition in Memory of Agnes Rindge Claflin." Washington D.C., National Gallery of Art, "The Art of Illusion: Five Centuries of Trompe l'Oeil Painting in Europe and America," Occtober 13, 2002-March 2, 2003. Poughkeepsie, Vassar College Art Gallery, “16th Century Paintings from American Collections,” October 16-November 15, 1964. Cat. no. 14. Poughkeepsie, Vassar College Art Gallery, “Problem Pictures: Paintings without Authors,” October 13-November 15, 1965. Cat. no. 2. Poughkeepsie, Vassar College Art Gallery, "An Exhibition in Memory of Agnes Rindge Claflin," April 30-June 4, 1978. Cat. no. 1. Columbus, OH, Columbus Museum of Art, “More than Meets the Eye: The Art of Trompe L’Oeil,” December 7, 1985-January 22, 1986 (West Palm Beach, Norton Gallery of Art, March 21-April 27 1986). Hanover, NH, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, “The Age of the Marvelous,” September 21-November 24, 1991 (Raleigh, North Carolina Museum of Art, January 25-March 22, 1992; Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, May 24-August23, 1992; Atlanta, High Museum, October 6-January 3, 1993). New York, NY, IBM Gallery of Science and Art, “Highlights from the Vassar College Collection,” July 13-September 11, 1993. Münster, Vestfalisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, “Die Maler tom Ring,” September 1-November 10, 1996.
Description v
This strikingly realistic trompe l’oeil representation of a late medieval illuminated manuscript is one of a small number of similar objects pro- duced in Germany in the sixteenth century. An identical painting is in the collection of the Uffizi in Florence. The painting is meant to fool the eye by showing the manuscript as if a sudden breeze had begun to turn the pages of the open book. All the surfaces of the book have been rendered with ex- actitude, including the vellum pages, the leather straps, and their metal buckles. The ruffled pages have obscured most of the full-page miniature of the Crucifixion on the right, complete with its golden border decorated with lilies of the valley, columbine, corn flowers and other blossoms and insects. The purpose of such a painting is not fully understood; however, it was most likely set up on a lectern in order to surprise a visitor. The attribution to Ludger tom Ring the Younger is based on similar works given to the artist, and to the presence of the words “Ludevi rinki” under the first line of musical notes, practically the only legible words of text in the entire com- position.
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